Scott Pruitt

Donald Trump Picks Scott Pruitt, Ally of Fossil Fuel Industry, to Lead E.P.A.

By Coral Davenport, New York Times
WASHINGTON — President-elect Donald J. Trump has selected Scott Pruitt, the Oklahoma attorney general and a close ally of the fossil fuel industry, to run the Environmental Protection Agency, a transition official said, signaling Mr. Trump’s determination to dismantle President Obama’s efforts to counter climate change.

Mr. Pruitt, a Republican, has been a key architect of the legal battle against Mr. Obama’s climate change policies, actions that fit with the president-elect’s comments during the campaign. Mr. Trump has criticized the established science of human-caused global warming as a hoax, vowed to “cancel” the Paris accord committing nearly every nation to taking action to fight climate change, and attacked Mr. Obama’s signature global warming policy, the Clean Power Plan, as a “war on coal.”

Mr. Pruitt, 48, who has emerged as a hero to conservative activists, is also one of a number of Republican attorneys general who have formed an alliance with some of the nation’s top energy producers to push back against the Obama regulatory agenda, a 2014 investigation by The New York Times revealed.

At the heart of Mr. Obama’s efforts to tackle climate change are a collection of E.P.A. regulations aimed at forcing power plants to significantly reduce their emissions of planet-warming carbon dioxide pollution. It will not be possible for Mr. Trump to unilaterally cancel the rules, which were released under the 1970 Clean Air Act. But it would be possible for a legally experienced E.P.A. chief to substantially weaken, delay or slowly dismantle them.

As Oklahoma’s top law enforcement official, Mr. Pruitt has fought environmental regulations — particularly the climate change rules. Although Mr. Obama’s rules were not completed until 2015, Mr. Pruitt was one of a handful of attorneys general, along with Greg Abbott of Texas, who began planning as early as 2014 for a coordinated legal effort to fight them. That resulted in a 28-state lawsuit against the administration’s rules. A decision on the case is pending in a federal court, but it is widely expected to advance to the Supreme Court.

As Mr. Pruitt has sought to use legal tools to fight environmental regulations on the oil and gas companies that are a major part of his state’s economy, he has also worked with those companies. For example, the 2014 investigation by The Times found that energy lobbyists drafted letters for Mr. Pruitt to send, on state stationery, to the E.P.A., the Interior Department, the Office of Management and Budget and even President Obama, outlining the economic hardship of the environmental rules.

Industries that Mr. Pruitt regulates have also joined him as plaintiffs in court challenges, a departure from the usual role of the state attorney general, who traditionally sues companies to force compliance with state law.

The close ties have paid off for Mr. Pruitt politically: Harold G. Hamm, the chief executive of Continental Energy, a North Dakota oil and gas firm that also works in Oklahoma, was a co-chairman of Mr. Pruitt’s 2013 re-election campaign.


Donald Trump’s interview with the New York Times offers hope on climate

In an interview with the New York Times on Tuesday, Donald trump provided some hope to climate protection advocates:

“On climate change, Mr. Trump refused to repeat his promise to abandon the international climate accord reached last year in Paris, saying, “I’m looking at it very closely.” Despite the recent appointment to his transition team of a fierce critic of the Paris accords, Mr. Trump said that “I have an open mind to it” and that clean air and “crystal clear water” were vitally important.”

His complete reversal on the issue of torture (he was for it and now he’s against it) illustrates that he is not too proud to change course when he sees a greater truth.

We are grateful today for Trump’s open mind.



Holiday tips: How to talk to a Trump supporter about climate change

If you expect tension around your dinner table this holiday season, here are some tips for you.

First, listen. Be curious about what they think about this issue and appreciate what you have in common. You might want to explore the areas of common ground. For example, you might point out that a recent poll shows that 73% of Americans want the U.S. to emphasize alternative energy rather than oil and gas(1) – including  51% of Republicans. You might ask them what they think about clean energy like wind and solar that now cost about the same as coal and natural gas and in some parts of the country are actually cheaper.

Then you might slide in that according to a Gallup Poll done this Spring sixty-four percent of U.S. adults say they are worried a “great deal” or “fair amount” about global warming and sixty-five percent of Americans are now saying increases in the Earth’s temperature over the last century are primarily attributable to human activities rather than natural causes.

As they are probably aware Trump is not strong on climate change having said it was a hoax perpetrated by the Chinese and also campaigning on bringing back the coal industry. Even if he was joking about the Chinese thing, he also said that he is “not a big believer in man-made climate change.” But they might be surprised that there are actually several points of intersection between what it will take to address climate change and the consequences of doing nothing and some of Trump’s major campaign themes.

He spoke about increasing economic growth substantially, immigration and security and making America great again. Let’s consider each of these:

1) Economic Development: In his book “Creating Climate Wealth: Unlocking the Impact Economy” Jigar Shah, President of Generate Capital, describes climate change as the biggest wealth generation opportunity in a generation – on the $10 trillion scale. To give you a sense of where we are and where this could go.  Advanced Energy Economy released a report this year that shows that clean energy is now a $1.4 trillion dollar global industry, almost twice the size of the airline industry.

Right now about 70,000 people are employed mining coal across America, while the solar industry employs 208,000 (3) and is one of the fastest growing industries in the US – adding jobs at a rate 12 times faster than the overall economy according to a recent report. Presently solar power represents only about 1% of US electric generation capacity while coal was at 33% in 2015 (4) and declining, unable to compete against cheap natural gas prices. Imagine if we reversed these, so that solar provided 33% of our electricity – how many more jobs we would create! Instead of bringing back the coal industry, Trump should be doing everything he can to help accelerate solar growth. And remember these jobs can’t be moved overseas and can be created in rural as well as urban areas.

2) Immigration and Security: Trump seems to have struck a note here. Never mind that since 2009 more Mexicans have left the US than arrived here (5). Yes, we have allowed 10,000 Syrians to settle here in the last year, but Canada with a third of our population has accepted three times as many refugees and Europe more than 1 million. (6)

So rather than reacting to what seems to be a rather insignificant immigration problem now, perhaps we want to prevent what could easily become the biggest human refugee migration in history. Scientists tell us that if we continue burning fossil fuel at the current rate we can expect between three to over six feet of sea level rise (maybe much more if we lose the Greenland Ice Sheet ) by the end of the century. This could displace hundreds of millions of people worldwide and 4.2 million people would be displaced within the U.S. (7) Just imagine the cost of resettlement, the numbers of refugees seeking to immigrate to our country, the chaos and civil strife that this kind of human displacement will bring with it. The Pentagon calls climate change a “threat multipier” for this reason. This would be an immigration problem of almost unimaginable proportions – something we just cannot allow to happen.

3) Make America great again: This is Trump’s most often repeated promise. I think what this means to most people is that we have a vibrant economy, that we expect our children to have more opportunity then we did, and that our country is respected by others. I think this depends on the US rising to the challenges of our time and using our leadership and ingenuity to overcome them. We pioneered the airplane, the television, the personal computer revolution, the internet and now we have the opportunity to do it again with clean energy.

Last year there was a global agreement in Paris to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions that are responsible for the climate crisis. 190 countries did not sign this accord because they were snookered by the Chinese. Three decades of international negotiations, climate science that is increasingly ominous, and climate impacts that can no longer be ignored went into developing the consensus behind this agreement. And they will not wait for us. Our allies and our competitors are already investing in renewable energy. If we want a secure future and jobs for our children, we need to invest in where the economy is going not where we have been.  The US can be an either be an international pariah, out of step with the rest of the world in responding to climate change, or a global leader.

Business leaders understand this that is why 300 companies including Starbucks, Gap, Nike, DuPont, Mars, Levi Straus, Monsanto, Kellogg, Unilever and eBay sent Trump a letter saying they are committed to fighting climate change.

“We want the US economy to be energy efficient and powered by low-carbon energy,” they wrote, adding “failure to build a low-carbon economy puts American prosperity at risk.” (8)

There is reason to believe that Trump might reconsider his position on climate change and clean energy. Trump told the New York Times in a recent interview that he thinks there is “some connectivity” between climate change and human activity. When asked whether he would withdraw from the Paris accord, he said: “I’m looking at it very closely. I have an open mind to it.”

In 2009 he signed a business letter to President Obama and Congress to enact aggressive climate change legislation to reduce carbon emissions. The letter states that the clean energy demand from climate action “will spur economic growth” and “create new energy jobs.”

The letter requests. “Please allow us, the United States of America, to serve in modeling the change necessary to protect humanity and our planet.”(9)

So if the Trump supporter you are conversing with sees value in investing in future economic prosperity, while preserving the atmosphere for our children than you have a final request of them. Since they are a supporter, they have leverage – ask them to call or write Trump and to call their Congressional representative and tell them that the US needs to live up to its commitments, be a global leader on climate and invest in renewable energy that will help create prosperity at home. Now that is leadership that I suspect a strong majority of us want for our country! That would make America great again!














American climate attitudes, global response, and what works

The Climate Center (CCP) has operated for years on the premise that local control of energy resources is key to reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the United States. This is specifically because of the uncertainty of action at the federal level as the political tables turn at election times. CCP has coupled this tactic with a focus on clean energy messaging. The current politics of the American presidential election and a new PEW study have illustrated why this approach is key to success.

The PEW study on American attitudes toward climate change reveals a deep divide, mostly down party lines.  Just over a third of Americans say they care a great deal about climate change. Among them, 72 percent are Democrats and 24 percent are Republicans. Both numbers include independents who say they generally lean toward one party.  Furthermore, nearly seven of 10 Democrats believe climate change is mainly a result of human activity, while fewer than a quarter of Republicans believe that.

So how do these attitudes fit into the larger global picture?  A paper recently published in the journal Politics and Policy by Sondre Båtstrand at the University of Bergen in Norway compared the climate positions of conservative political parties around the world. Båtstrand examined the platforms or manifestos of the conservative parties from the U.S., UK, Norway, Sweden, Spain, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, and Germany. He found that the U.S. Republican Party stands alone in its rejection of the need to tackle climate change. Båtstrand argues that a combination of fossil fuel industry influence and record levels of political polarization may explain why.

The unique position of conservative America is especially evident when looking at the global response to the current U.S. election. A number of countries acted quickly to join the Paris Agreement in recent weeks partially because of the threat of Donald Trump – a known climate denier – being elected to office. The world’s three top emitting countries—China, the United States and India—all joined in September or October, and last week the European Union pushed the accord past the threshold (55 countries) required for it to take effect.

Despite the deep divisions in American attitudes toward climate change, the PEW study found that more than 80 percent of Americans, including wide majorities of Democrats, Republicans and Independents, favor expansion of the solar and wind industries. This is great news.

The desire for clean energy already transcends politics, as evidenced by places like the City of Lancaster, where a conservative mayor championed Community Choice Energy by focusing on a message about clean energy, not climate change.

As CCP spreads solutions across California and beyond, we are showing the world that despite deep divisions, we can all agree that clean energy is a good thing for everyone.