Global action to phase out pollution

Sixteen countries have taken varying types of action to phase out Internal Combustion Engine vehicles and increase the number of Electric Vehicles, as illustrated in the following table.

Country Status of ICE Vehicle Phase-Out Date of Action
Austria Proposed target: No new ICE vehicles sold after 2020[i] [ii] April 2016
Britain Official target: No new ICE vehicles sold after 2040[iii] (will not include hybrids) July 2017
China Official target: End production and sales of ICE vehicles by 2040[iv] September 2017
Costa Rica Initiate complete phase-out of ICE vehicles by 2021[v] April 2018
Denmark Official target: 5,000 EVs on the road by 2019, tax incentive in place[vi] Since 2008[vii]
France Official target: No new ICE vehicles sold after 2040[viii] July 2017
Germany No registration of ICE vehicles by 2030 (passed by Legislature); cities can ban diesel cars;[ix] Federal court ruling supports law[x] October 2016
India Official target: No new ICE vehicles sold after 2030 (will likely hit 30% by 2030)[xi] [xii] April 2017
Ireland Official target: No new ICE vehicles sold after 2030[xiii],  incentive program in place for EV sales[xiv] July 2017
Israel Official target: No new ICE vehicle imports after 2030[xv] February 2018
Japan Incentive program in place for EV sales[xvi] Since 1996[xvii]
Netherlands Official target: No new ICE vehicles sold after 2030, phase-out begins 2025[xviii] October 2017
Norway Incentive program in place for EV sales; Official target: only sell EVs by 2025[xix] Since 1990
Portugal Official target and incentive in place for EV sales[xx] Since 2010[xxi]
Scotland Official target: No new ICE vehicles sold after 2032[xxii] September 2017
South Korea Official target: EVs account for 30% of auto sales by 2020[xxiii] June 2016
Spain Official government program: the Movea 2017 Plan, an incentive package to promote sales of alternative energy vehicles[xxiv] June 2017
Taiwan Official target: Phase out fossil fuel-powered motorcycles by 2035 and fossil fuel-powered vehicles by 2040.[xxv]  Additionally, the replacement of all government vehicles and public buses with electric versions by 2030.[xxvi] December 2017

[i] “Federal Environmental Agency: From 2020 no more diesel and gasoline cars,” Salzburger Nachrichten, April 12, 2016. <>

[ii] Austria, Climate and Energy Fund, Model Regions of Electric Mobility in Austria, Vienna: Climate and Energy Fund, 2015. <>

[iii] United Kingdom, Department for Transport, UK plan for tackling roadside nitrogen dioxide concentrations, London: Crown, 2017. <>

[iv] Zhang, Yan, “China fossil fuel deadline shifts focus to electric car race,” Bloomberg, September 10, 2017. <>

[v] Rodriguez, Sebastian, “Costa Rica’s new president promises plan to speed clean transport,” Reuters, April 30, 2018.<>

[vi] Lambert, Fred, “Denmark to relaunch its electric vehicle market with incentives after a year with almost no sales,” Electrek, April 19, 2017. <>

[vii] “Denmark- Policies and Legislation,” International Energy Agency. <>

[viii] Ewing, Jack, “France Plans to End Sales of Gas and Diesel Cars by 2040,” The New York Times, July 6, 2017. <>

[ix] Böll, Sven, “States want to ban gasoline and diesel cars,” Der Spiegel, August 10, 2016. <>

[x] Hockenos, Paul, “End of the Road: Are Diesel Cars on the Way Out in Europe?” Yale Environment 360, April 12, 2018. <>

[xi] Wattles, Jackie, “India to sell only electric cars by 2030,” CNN, June 3, 2017. <>

[xii] Worstall, Tim, “India’s Ambitious Target For Only Electric Cars By 2030 – Stern V Nordhaus All Over Again,” Forbes, April 30, 2017. <>

[xiii] Sherlock, Cillian, “Could Ireland ban petrol and diesel cars? Your questions answered,” The Independent, July 27, 2017. <>

[xiv] “European Alternatives Fuels Observatory: Ireland Country Profile,” European Commission, May, 2018. <>

[xv] Solomon, Shoshanna, “Israel aims to eliminate use of coal, gasoline and diesel by 2030,” February 27, 2018. <>

[xvi] Petroff, Alanna, “These countries want to ditch gas and diesel cars,” CNN, July 26, 2017. <>

[xvii] Takahashi, Masako, “Incentives for EV & HEV,” Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific, 2003. <>

[xviii] Lambert, Fred, “The Dutch Government confirms plan to ban new petrol and diesel cars by 2030,” Electrek, October 10, 2017. <>

[xix] “Norwegian EV policy,” EV Norway. Publishing date unknown. <>

[xx] Petroff, 2017.

[xxi] Fonseca, Armando, “Nissan has announced the price of the electric car Leaf,” Velocidade, May 17, 2010. <>

[xxii] Scotland, A Nation With Ambition: The Government’s Programme for Scotland, Edinburgh: Crown, 2017. <>

[xxiii] “Gov’t to regulate older diesel cars, promote EV to tackle fine dust,” Yonhap News Agency, June 3, 2016. <>

[xxiv] “The Government approves a program of aid for the acquisition of vehicles with alternative energies,” Spain Ministry of Economy, Indsutry and Competitiveness, June 16, 2017.    <>

[xxv] Bo, Xiang, “Taiwan to phase out fuel-powered motorcycles,” Xinhua Net, January 4, 2018. <>

[xxvi] Author Unknown, “Chunghwa Post commissions fleet of 1,627 e-scooters,” Taiwan Today, January 16, 2018. <>